Extensive use of permanent grassland

Extensive livestock farming makes use of areas of permanent grassland, and is at the origin of many environmental services, based on the functioning of agro-ecosystems and the functional management of semi-natural vegetation. If insects are to be considered as a key indicator of overall biological richness, their presence in an open landscape can be explained fundamentally by two key factors: the absence of pesticide use, which destroys them directly, and a floristic richness spread over time.

Rewetting wetlands/peatlands, paludiculture

Paludiculture is the productive land use of wet and rewetted peatlands that preserves the peat soil and thereby minimizes CO2 emissions and subsidence. Rewetting wetlands/peatlands, also known as paludiculture, is the practice of restoring and managing wetlands and peatlands in order to provide economic and ecological benefits. This involves rewetting peatlands that have been drained for agriculture, forestry, or other uses.

Shepherding on open spaces, and between permanent crops, transhumance and common grazing

Shepherding is a traditional agricultural practice involving the movement of grazing livestock between certain areas depending on the season. Specifically, this refers to open spaces, and between permanent crops, as well as transhumance and common grazing land. Transhumance is a seasonal movement of grazing animals between lowland and highland pastures with different climates, while common grazing land allows farmers to share a common area for grazing their livestock.

Land lying fallow with species composition for biodiversity purpose

Fallow land is all arable land either included in the crop rotation system or maintained in good agricultural and environmental condition (GAEC), whether worked or not, but which will not be harvested for the duration of a crop year. The essential characteristic of fallow land is that it is left to recover, normally for the whole of a crop year.

This refers to an agricultural system in which trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants are grown with grazed animals. This type of system is designed to maximize the biodiversity of an area, often by creating a synergistic relationship between the plants and animals that provide a variety of ecological services and resources. High-biodiversity silvopastoral systems aim to create a sustainable, productive, and diverse agricultural system for both humans and wildlife.

Management and cutting plan of landscape elements

This is a plan to maintain and manage the various components of a farm's landscape. It involves determining which parts of the farm should be cut or trimmed, as well as what should be kept as it is. It also includes deciding when and how to prune, mow, and fertilize the landscape components in order to keep them healthy and looking their best. It refers to the management of hedges, vegetation strips and other landscape elements at a territory scale.

Planting landscape elements

Planting landscape elements in farming refers to the practice of strategically planting vegetation and trees on or around agricultural land to provide a variety of benefits. These elements can include trees and shrubs that can help to provide windbreaks, shade, and provide natural habitat for wildlife. Additionally, planting landscape elements can help reduce soil erosion, help protect soil and water resources, and provide a more efficient use of land.

Incorporation of green manure & cover crops

This process involves tilling the soil to incorporate green manure and cover crops into the soil. Green manure and cover crops are used to improve the fertility and structure of soil, and by tilling the soil, the nutrients and organic matter from the green manure and cover crops are released into the soil, providing the soil with the necessary nutrients and organic matter that it needs.

Subscribe to Biodiversity


  • Total Visitors: 100601
  • Unique Visitors: 9588
  • Since: 04/23/2022 - 08:24

EU funded

Grant programme: Erasmus+ programme (KA220-VET - Cooperation partnerships in vocational education and training)

Project interval: 1 November 2021 / 31 October 2024
Project identifier: Erasmus+ 2021-1-HU01-KA220-VET-000034777

Facebook page:

Besides our own photos and open-access images, we also use Freepik sometimes, indicated in the picture title or label.

Project countries