Specialist orchards - fruits

Strip cropping

Strip cropping is a method of farming that involves the alternation of close strip crops such as cotton, corn, sugar beets, soybeans, etc with small grains such as millet, wheat, or hay. It is usually employed on sloppy land and also where this method remains the only available solution to prevent erosion.

Establishing agroforestry systems

Agroforestry systems involve the intentional combination of agricultural activities and forestry practices in the same area. This type of land management is designed to increase the productivity of the land while sustaining natural resources and the environment. Agroforestry systems typically involve a mix of trees, shrubs, and crops that can provide a range of food, fuel, and other materials. Other benefits include soil conservation, improved water infiltration, and better pest control.

Avoiding chemical-synthetic pesticides

Reducing chemical-synthetic pesticides in agriculture is a form of pest control that seeks to reduce or eliminate the use of synthetic chemical pesticides in favor of more sustainable methods. This can include using natural pest predators, crop rotation, and other alternatives to chemical-based pesticides. These methods are often more environmentally-friendly and can lead to a reduction in the amount of residues in the environment.

Interconnection of semi-natural habitats on and beyond farm area

On-farm, this can include creating corridors or strips of habitat that connect existing patches of semi-natural habitat. This can involve planting native vegetation, creating or restoring ponds and wetland areas, or creating buffer zones around existing patches of semi-natural habitat to reduce the impact of activities such as agricultural production. Beyond a farm area, semi-natural habitats can be interconnected by creating or restoring greenways or green corridors.

Alternating management between permanent crop rows

Alternating management between permanent crop rows is a farming technique in which different crop rows are managed in a variety of ways, such as planting different types of crops, using different fertilizers, and varying irrigation levels. This technique helps to maximize the productivity of each row by taking advantage of the different conditions of the soil and climate.

Soil inoculation with Nitrogen- fixing bacteria

Using Nitrogen -fixing bacteria for reduction of chemical N fertilizers. Soil inoculation with Nitrogen-fixing bacteria is a process where beneficial bacteria are added to the soil to help it absorb nitrogen from the atmosphere and convert it into a form that plants can use. This process helps improve the fertility of the soil and can be beneficial for long-term crop production. The bacteria can also help to improve the soil structure and water-holding capacity, as well as reduce the need for chemical fertilizers.

Avoid the application of slurry on wet and poorly permeable soil

Earthworms are one of the most important organisms in soil that play an important role in maintaining natural soil processes. Excessive amounts of slurry, which contains a high proportion of nitrogen in the form of ammonia, such as ammonium sulfate and some manures, can reduce the number of earthworms in the soil. Harmful effects on earthworms can be reduced by avoiding the application of slurry on wet and poorly permeable soil.

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