Differences between organic and conventional farming

Several trends have now emerged under the auspices of sustainable agriculture, some of which continue to use conventional tools (chemical control, artificial fertilizers), while other trends completely reject them and look for ecological solutions instead.

At the international level, there have been many studies comparing the sustainability of organic and conventional farming (SZILÁGYI et al., 2018). By conventional farming, we mean the industrial-like, mass-producing, energy-intensive, artificial, industrially-derived material and energy consumption agricultural system. The basic aspiration of the economies belonging to this circle is profit generation, and the result of this is independence, artificial regulation, the gradual exchange (substitution) of natural resources with artificial resources (ÁNGYÁN et al. 2004; MÉSZÁROS 2016).
Organic farming is a production system that produces high-quality, chemical-free food, taking into account environmental sustainability, such as natural systems, biodiversity, soil and water quality, and animal welfare (IFOAM).

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